GENEVA (Reuters) – The United Nations special envoy for Syria on Monday called for the ceasefire in northeastern Syria to be extended as he tries to move ahead with a political process to end the eight-year-old war.
U.N. Special Envoy for Syria Geir Pedersen attends a news conference ahead of the meeting of the new Syrian Constitutional Committee at the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, October 28, 2019. REUTERS/Denis Balibouse
Envoy Geir Pedersen said he would meet foreign ministers from Turkey, Iran and Russia – all significant players in conflict – in Geneva on Tuesday, a day before the first meeting of Syria’s Constitutional Committee.
The committee is seen as key to paving the way for political reform and free and fair U.N.-supervised elections in the country, where the war has killed hundreds of thousands of people and forced millions to flee.
“We are strongly appealing for the ceasefires to be respected and that we have also been appealing for a nationwide ceasefire to come into effect,” Pedersen told a news conference.
“We do believe that the fighting going on is just another proof of the importance to get a serious political process under way that can help sorting out the problems in all of Syria, including in the northeast and obviously also Idlib,” he said.
Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said on Monday that Kurdish YPG forces had not yet fully withdrawn from a strip of northeastern Syria under a Russian-brokered pause in the fighting that expires on Tuesday night.
Russian-back Syrian troops in late April also launched an assault in the northwestern region of Idlib, the last major chunk of territory still in the hands of Turkish-backed rebel forces.
Turkey, Russia and Iran have had a series of attempted ceasefire deals but fighting has rumbled on, albeit with lulls.
Pedersen has already met envoys from seven countries including the United States. James Jeffrey, U.S. special representative for Syria, told reporters that the panel was an important step forward to resolving the conflict.
Cavusoglu, Iran’s Mohammad Javad Zarif and Russia’s Sergei Lavrov are to meet in Geneva as the pause expires before the 150-member Syrian panel convenes under U.N. auspices on Wednesday.
The gathering, with support from powers backing both sides, marks the first political agreement between Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s government and the opposition, Pedersen said.
“It commits the government and the opposition and their nominees to sit together face-to-face in dialogue and negotiation,” he said.
The Assad government, Syrian opposition and civil society groups each submitted 50 members to serve. Each delegation includes Kurds, but there is no SDF or YPG representation.
“We are looking forward to fast progress and to reach this draft (constitution) in the shortest possible time,” Hadi al-Bahra, panel co-chair from the opposition, told Reuters.
Writing by Stephanie Nebehay; editing Alison Williams and Angus MacSwan